Cancers and fruit & vegetable intake

mangoes_in_the_kitchen

A significant review paper, cited by 1947 papers on Scopus since its publication in 1992, states:

“Approximately 200 studies that examined the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and cancers of the lung, colon, breast, cervix, esophagus, oral cavity, stomach, bladder, pancreas, and ovary are reviewed.”

“For most cancer sites, persons with low fruit and vegetable intake (at least the lower one-fourth of the population) experience about twice the risk of cancer compared with those with high intake, even after control for potentially confounding factors.”

“It would appear that major public health benefits could be achieved by substantially increasing consumption of these foods.”

Single cancer cell

Single cancer cell

Reference:

Block G., Patterson B., Subar A. Fruit, vegetables, and cancer prevention: A review of the epidemiological evidence (1992) Nutrition and Cancer, 18 (1) , pp. 1-29.